Geography: locate the
Abraham had passed the 4 part covenant on to Isaac, who passed it to Jacob. Jacob’s name was changed to Israel. Jacob was the father of 12 sons. At his death, Israel passed on the promise to Judah, which is interesting because he is NOT the oldest son. In fact, he is forth in line. Evidently the choices that Reuben, Simeon, and Levi made in Genesis 34-35:22; and 49:3-7 caused God to skip them and give the promise to Judah and his generations. Meanwhile, Joseph had set the 70ish member family up in the beautiful land of Goshen, which was THE prized land of Egypt. However, pharaohs come and go, and soon there were leaders who did not know Joseph.
Main Events of Exodus 1-12:
During the course of 400 years, the small family of Israel grew to be between 2-3 million people. A pharaoh was on the throne who did not know Joseph. All he knew was that there was a HUGE amount of people who were not Egyptians, who lived in his country, and who could take over the nation of Egypt if they so desired. Therefore, the pharaoh enslaved each and every Hebrew. [Discuss what slavery means.] The pharaoh decided that the number of Hebrews was growing too rapidly, so he had all of the baby boys killed at birth.
But Jochebed made a basket, or an ark, for her baby and placed it in the Nile River. The princess found the baby, had Jochebed wean the child, and then send him to the palace to live. Moses grew up in Pharaoh’s house and probably knew he was a Hebrew. One day he watched an Egyptian beat a Hebrew slave. Moses killed the Egyptian and hid the body in the sand. He fled Egypt knowing he would be sought after and killed. Moses fled to Midian where he married, had a family, and took care of sheep. God called Moses through the burning bush and sent Moses to meet his brother Aaron and to get the children of Israel out of Egypt.
Pharaoh refused to let the people go and consequently, the plagues of God fell upon the nation. This is a story of the destruction of one nation and the birth of another. [When discussing the list of the plagues with the kids, explain that dead animals stink, there were piles of dead frogs in the streets, when the live stock died people lost food and their livelihoods, etc.]
There were ten plagues. Here are the first nine in order: 1) all water turned to blood; 2) frogs; 3) lice; 4) flies; 5) dead livestock; 6) boils; 7) thunder-hail-fire from heaven; 8) locusts; and 9) darkness.
THIS IS IMPORTANT! In the land of Goshen, where the Hebrews lived, NONE of these plagues harmed the people of God. THAT is amazing!
But Pharaoh’s heart was hardened…. (to be continued)
Life Application of Exodus 1-12:
I’m not sure I totally understand what it means when it says that God hardened Pharaoh’s heart. But I do know that there is scripture that indicates that God will allow people to stay in their sins if they have been given chance after chance to repent and they choose not to. (Romans 1) So what does that mean for us? Perhaps we need to search our hearts and pull out some weeds of sin which might be thriving. We also need to remember that God is in charge of all nations. One will not rise or fall without His knowledge and will.
Activities for Exodus 1-12: